The Epidermis – This is the outer layer of the skin. It is around 0.1mm thick and has five layers and no blood vessels. The body produces a new epidermis every 30 days. When damaged epidermis is able to heal usually without scarring.
The Five Layers:
Factors affecting the health of epidermis:
The Dermis (Cutis) – The layer below epidermis. Contains
The Subcutaneous layer of the skin. Below the dermis. It is made of loose connective tissue including adipose tissue, helping to insulate the body. Hair roots contained in the hair follicle are in this layer. Hair roots have oil glands producing secul which conditions the hair and skin. Important features in the skin Sweat glands – tube shaped. Some open into hair follicles and some to the epidermis. Sebaceous glands – sack shaped. Connected to hair follicles, release oils to lubricate the hair and skin.
Eccrine glands – in deep dermis, regulates body temperature and waste removal
Hair follicles – tube shaped sheath surrounding the root of the hair in the dermis and epidermis.
Hair shaft – the hair above the skin
Blood vessels – tubes which carry blood. Arteries bring nutrients and oxygenated blood from heart and lungs and veins return the oxygen depleted blood.
Pacinian corpuscle – Ovary capsules of sensory nerve fibres that respond to pressure.
Tattooing is when pigment or ink is deposited in the dermis just below the epidermis.
Further study – this short tattoo course cannot cover everything. Learning and studying should be lifelong process for anyone who is interested in the best practice and developing their knowledge. If you have no recent qualifications or studied Anatomy & Physiology it is recommended that you complete a course. These can be done online with https://vindocaestheticacademy.com/
In order for pigment or ink to be held in the skin we need to tattoo into connective tissue of the dermis just below the basal layer of the epidermis. As tattooing is a process which pierces or cuts the skin, the skin is open to infections.