Tattooing is a process of opening the skin to introduce pigment or ink into the skin. Cosmetic tattooing, SPMU/PMU, microblading and SMP scalp micropigmentation owl tattoo treatments and are all covered by the same health and safety requirements and legislation. Tattooing uses a hand-held machine or a tool. The machine is like a sewing machine, with one or more needles, piercing
the skin repeatedly. With every puncture the needles insert tiny ink droplets. Then non-machine methods use a hand-held tool which is fitted with small needles (eg. microblading).
The tattooing process can cause a small amount of bleeding. A lot of blood loss indicates that you’re working too deep. Blood and blood contaminated items can transfer pathogens that are potentially hazardous to health. Ensure you follow appropriate protocols for handling and disposal.
Many clients have concerns about the discomfort. Experience of pain varies greatly from person to person. Before treatment discuss ways that this can be managed with your client. Often second or subsequent sessions are more comfortable for the client so it’s possible that anxiety is a contributing factor to discomfort. Remember to reassure your client at all stages of treatment and appear professional and confident.
Depth of treatment is assessed by looking at the skin and feeling the vibrations on the surface of the skin. As skin varies in thickness, the technician assesses by checking the quality of the skin, elasticity, age and health of the client, and how the treatment ‘feels’ while working. Wipe away surface pigment and check implantation of ink or pigment. This takes skill and experience. Always start lightly, assess and repeat if necessary. Check technique and adjust if necessary.
Working too shallow – The ink or pigment will be lost as the skin sheds the top players during healing. Working too deep – Likely to be very uncomfortable with a risk of more bleeding. The ink or pigment may heal blue grey. Ink or pigment can also become ‘blown’ and look fuzzy when implanted too deep.
As the tattoo process opens the skin, infections and other complications are possible including allergic reactions, skin infections, bumps called granulomas, keloids, bloodborne diseases.